The settlement provided a means of restricting the British fur trade and to continue in the sea otter hunting industry. Native Alutiiq people have inhabited the Kodiak area for more than 7,000 years. History of Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska. Kodiak Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska. The average skull size of Kodiak bears that were killed by hunters in the first five years of the 21st century was 63.8 cm (25.1 in) for boars, and 55.4 cm (21.8 in) for sows. According to the Alaska Volcano Observatory , strong winds in the Katmai National Park and Preserve region are picking up old, loose volcanic ash and blowing it toward the southeast. However, if large amounts of food are concentrated on small areas (e.g. Kodiak Island occupies an area of over 9,000 square kilometres and has a rich history and during your stay here it should not be ignored. Feb 17, 2013 - Explore Alaska PersonalTours's board "Kodiak, Alaska", followed by 254 people on Pinterest. The village of Ouzinkie on nearby Spruce Island is also part of the island community. 55° 45' 47" N . Interesting Facts About the Kodiak Bear. Founded in 1792 by Aleksandr Andreyevich Baranov, manager in America for the Northeastern Company (later the Russian-American Company), it was first known as Pavlovsk Gavan, or Paul’s Harbor, and was the first capital of Russian Alaska. Not only are temperatures frigid, but wind chill in an oceanside archipelago can make conditions even more harsh. Kodiak Island is mountainous and heavily forested in the north and east, but fairly treeless in the south. There’s something special about Kodiak deer; they are hardy and have thrived on the rugged island terrain since they were introduced. In 1792 the settlement was moved to the site of present-day Kodiak and became the center of Russian fur trading with the Alaska Natives. The southwestern part of the island escaped glaciation, however, and consists chiefly of moist tundra. A thick fur coats their entire body, and ranges from dark … Follow new cases found each day and the total number of cases and deaths in Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska. Founded in 1792 by Aleksandr Andreyevich Baranov, manager in America for the Northeastern Company (later the Russian-American Company), it was first known as Pavlovsk Gavan, or Paul’s Harbor, and was the first capital of Russian Alaska. Kodiak Island is the namesake for Kodiak Seamount, which lies off the coast at the Aleutian Trench. Corrections? They enjoy relatively pristine habitat and well managed fish populations. They live exclusively on the islands in the Kodiak Archipelago and have been isolated from other bears for about 12,000 years. Kodiak Island in Detail. Aquatic organisms in the region perished in the ash-clogged waters. Administrative classification. in Gulf of Alaska, S of Cook Inlet. In the 18th century the town became the capital of Russian Alaska.Russia sold Alaska to the United States in 1867. 3. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Restaurants Flights Vacation Rentals Shopping Package Holidays Cruises Rental Cars. Ultimately, however, the ash encouraged the island’s lush vegetation. The Kodiak bear and the king crab are native to the island. Written by: Larry Van Daele Kodiak Area Wildlife Biologist. An earthquake of magnitude 4.8 occurred late at night on Saturday 2 January 2021 at 11:45 pm local time near Larsen Bay, Kodiak Island County, Alaska, USA, as reported by the United States Geological Survey (USGS). Kodiak Island has been inhabited since 8,000 B.C. The Kodiak Archipelago (Russian: Кадьякский архипелаг, romanized: Kad'yakskiy arkhipelag) is an archipelago (group of islands) south of the main land-mass of the state of Alaska (United States), about 405 km (252 mi) by air south-west of Anchorage in the Gulf of Alaska.The largest island in the archipelago is Kodiak Island, the second-largest island in the United States. Coast Guard Base Kodiak is a major shore installation of the United States Coast Guard, located in Kodiak, Alaska. It lies in the Gulf of Alaska and is separated from the Alaska Peninsula by Shelikof Strait, 30 miles (50 km) off the Alaskan coast and some 250 miles (400 km) southwest of Anchorage. Following the 1867 Alaska purchase by the United States, the island became part of the United States. From our unspoiled wilderness to temperate rainforest climate, a trip to Afognak Island is a once-in-a-lifetime experience that you will remember forever. Very few places in the world often the amazing wonder of Afognak Wilderness Lodge. By June 12, 2017 January 8th, 2020 No Comments. If you head this compass direction, and keep going, you will reach your destination. When standing on their hind legs, male bears can exceed heights of 9.8 feet tall. Learn more about what makes these bears so unique below. Discover Kodiak Queen in British Virgin Islands: Divers can encounter an abandoned warship encircled by a giant kraken submerged in the British Virgin Islands. Wildlife on Kodiak Island was devastated by ash and acid rain from the eruption. Warm, moist weather results from the Kuroshio (a strong surface oceanic current). 58° 58' 36" N. West. This includes Alutiiq heritage and the Russian colonisation in the 1700s, and the eruption of Novarupta in 1912, which resulted in the fall of darkness for nearly three days and almost two feet of ash covering the grounds of the town. Also, Russian fur traders radically hunted sea otters to near exploitation. The island exceeds 5,000 feet (1,500 metres) near the eastern coast, where it is heavily forested. Other settlements include the villages of Akhiok, Old Harbor, Karluk, Larsen Bay, Port Lions, and an unorganized community near Cape Chiniak. About. Kodiak bear populations are healthy and productive. Other wildlife includes red foxes, black-tailed deer, elk, and some 200 species of birds (including bald eagles). Kodiak is a city in Alaska.It is one of 7 towns on Kodiak Island.. Kodiak is also home to the largest U.S. Coast Guard base, which includes Coast Guard Base Kodiak, Coast Guard Air Station Kodiak, Communications Station Kodiak, and Aids to Navigation Station Kodiak. Kodiak Island, Alaska has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 5 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 28 earthquakes in the past 30 days It is 160 km (99 miles) long and in width ranges from 16 to 97 kilometres (10 to 60 mi). The kayak enables a conscientious observer to glide along nearly motionlessly—directing any necessary course changes with slight, undetectable movements of a foot pedal that controls the rudder. Also on Near Island is the Kodiak Fisheries Research Center. Things to do near Zachar Bay Lodge Things to do near Munsey's Bear Camp. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Kodiak Island Borough is located in the Kodiak Recording District. Alaska Earthquake 2021: Magnitude 4.8 earthquake impacts Kodiak Island, Alaska. Getting There. In 1784, Shelekhov, along with 130 Russian fur traders massacred (see Awa'uq Massacre) several hundred Qik’rtarmiut Sugpiat ("Sugpiaq people of Qik’rtaq/Kodiak") tribe of Alutiiq men, women and children at Refuge Rock, a tiny stack island off the eastern coast of Sitkalidak Island. According to preliminary data, the quake was located at a moderately shallow depth of 38 miles. Kodiak College is a part of UAA, and it is also proud to cater to the specific needs of the local community here on Kodiak Island, allowing students to attend college without getting on a plane or ferry. The variety of vegetation on Kodiak Island provides a spectacular array of color, patterns and textures. In 1784 Grigory Ivanovich Shelikhov founded a Russian settlement on Kodiak Island at Three Saints Bay, near the present-day village of Old Harbor. Novarupta is a volcano 100 miles (160 km) northwest of Kodiak Island that erupted from June 6 to June 8, 1912: the largest eruption in the 20th century. South. Kodiak Island was explored in 1763 by Russian fur trader Stephan Glotov. The general public is welcome to visit the center’s 3,500-gallon aquarium of local species, including crabs, fish, and giant sea stars. If you wish to go from Kodiak Island Borough to anywhere on the map, all you have to do is draw a line between the two points and measure the angle. It has a total area of about 3,595 square miles over the 25 islands. From cities to rural towns, stay informed on where COVID-19 is spreading to understand how it could affect families, commerce, and travel. City in Alaska, USA. Print a copy here. In Kodiak Island Borough, there were 4 newly reported COVID-19 cases and 0 newly reported COVID-19 deaths on Jan 19, 2021. Radio communications were disrupted and visibility was nil. Advice for Visitors offers advice on what to bring with you on your adventure as well as what to wear. The Karluk River is famous for its salmon run. The city of Kodiak sits on Kodiak Island, which at 3,670 square miles and more than 100 miles long is Alaska's largest island and the second-largest island in the United States. Kodiak Island is located on the eastern side of the Gulf of Alaska. The island, known as Kikhtak (Eskimo: “Island”), was called Kodiak by Captain James Cook in 1778; although it was renamed Kadiak in 1890, the spelling reverted to Kodiak in 1901. A former storehouse of fur pelts owned by the Russian American Company in downtown Kodiak now houses the Baranov Museum, which is a great place to learn more about the areas history. The island of Kodiak was sculpted for millennia by glaciers. Kodiak Island’s rich geologic history is evident in the dramatic peaks, deep blue fjords, and emerald valleys that characterize this stunning archipelago like none other on Earth. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. 2. Situated in the Gulf of Alaska about 250 miles from Anchorage, separated from mainland Alaska by Shelikof Strait, Kodiak Island is approximately 3,590 square miles, making it the second largest island in the United States. Elevation. Things to do near Geographic Marine Expeditions (GMX) Katmai Bear Viewing. This true-color image over Kodiak Island, Alaska, shows a plume of resuspended volcanic ash (tan pixels) extending southeastward from the mainland out over the Gulf of Alaska. Kodiak Island is part of the Kodiak Island Borough and Kodiak Archipelago of Alaska. The total crime rate for Kodiak is high , and there are 21 registered sex offenders residing in the city. Kodiak Island (Alutiiq: Qikertaq) is a large island on the south coast of the U.S. state of Alaska, separated from the Alaska mainland by the Shelikof Strait. The population was 6,130 as of the 2010 census. There are 8 public schools in Kodiak with an average Homefacts rating of B-. By the time they emerge from their den in May or June, however, they’re already 15 to 20 pounds, as a result of nursing on their mothers’ milk. County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts. Valleys and lower slopes are covered by sand and gravel from glaciers. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. There are about 3,500 Kodiak Brown bears on Kodiak Island. And Kodiak Island is one of the best places for birders and photogaphers to get close-up views of many of these species. Kodiak Island is approximately 57.783330° North Latitude and -152.4 0 West Longitude. Monthly: 1981-2010 normals History: 2007-2019 They live exclusively on the islands in the Kodiak Archipelago and have been isolated from other bears for about 12,000 years. North. On March 27, 1964, Alaska suffered a violent earthquake that raised some parts of the island by up to 30 feet (9 metres) and lowered other areas by 5 to 6 feet (1.5 to 1.8 metres). Station Data. Kodiak was the first capital of Russian-controlled Alaska, and was an important location in the lucrative fur trade. Kodiak is the second largest island in the U.S. Our Mission: Base Kodiak is the home of "Rock Solid Support." The largest island in the Kodiak Archipelago, Kodiak Island is the second largest island in the United States and the 80th largest island in the world, with an area of 9,311.24 km 2 (3,595.09 sq mi), slightly larger than Cyprus. As a whole, brown bears usually weigh between 250 and 800 pounds or so. Kodiak Island, island, southern Alaska, U.S. On June 9 Kodiak villagers saw the first clear, ash-free skies in three days, but their environment had changed dramatically. What is the world’s largest archipelago? 2018 estimates put the population at 5,968. In the northeast of the island is Fort Abercrombie State Historical Park, a World War II-era naval base used during the Aleutian campaign. But please come prepared, Kodiak can also present formidable challenges! Together with Afognak, Shuyak, and a number of other nearby islands, it forms an archipelago that is an extension of the Kenai Mountains. Native people: the Alutiq people have lived here for almost 7,000 years. Coastal wildflower fields, lowland grasslands, shrub-lands of willows, dwarf birch and alder, rich wetlands and wet tundra span across the parks. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. Spring Kodiak Brown Bear hunts, April 1 - May 15 : Hunts are conducted when bears emerge from hibernation and move to areas where the first sprouts of vegetation occur on south facing mountain and hillsides. It is also the home port for several cutters. The first outsiders to settle on the island were Russian explorers under Grigory Shelekhov, a fur trader, who founded a Russian settlement on Kodiak Island at Three Saints Bay in 1784; the present-day village of Old Harbor developed near there. Water became undrinkable. Kodiak, city, Kodiak Island, southern Alaska, U.S.It is situated on Chiniak Bay, on the northeastern coast of Kodiak Island. Females are about 20% smaller, and 30% lighter than males. Things to do near Zachar Bay Lodge Things to do near Munsey's Bear Camp. It is 252 air miles south of Anchorage, a one-hour flight, and is a 3-hour flight from Seattle. These massive predators are one of the most unique brown bear subspecies. 57 ° 23' 46" N, 153 ° 28' 60" W. Region. ROCK SOLID SUPPORT . Management of Brown Bear Hunting on Kodiak Island, Alaska. The southwestern two-thirds of the island, like much of the Kodiak Archipelago, is part of Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge. The Kodiak bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi) is the largest recognized subspecies of brown bear. There are about 3,500 Kodiak bears; a density of about 0.7 bears per square mile. This page will be … administrative region (level 2) Subregions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. At birth, Kodiak cubs are tiny, and weigh less than a pound. Logging, ranching, numerous canneries, and some copper mining are also prevalent. Facts. In celebration of the pristine beauty of its geographic location, the college has dedicated one banner on its home page to Kodiak Island facts and trivia. The facility is owned and operated by the Alaska Aerospace Corporation, a public [clarification needed] corporation of the State of Alaska, and is located on Kodiak Island in Alaska. Updates? Budget-friendly; Good for Big Groups; Honeymoon spot; Good for a Rainy Day; Hidden Gems; Adventurous; Good for Couples; Good for Kids; Good for Adrenaline Seekers; Near Landmarks. Kodiak’s terrain includes mountains, flatlands, forests, meadows, rivers, and lakes. Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska: Map: Location in the state of Alaska: Location of Alaska in the U.S. Facts: Founded September 24, 1963 County Seat Kodiak Courthouse: Address Kodiak Island Borough 710 Mill Bay Road Kodiak, Ak 99615 Phone: 907-486-9300 Kodiak bear research, management and habitat protection is done cooperatively by the Alaska Department of Fish & Game and Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge. History Museums in Kodiak Island Military Museums in Kodiak Island. Alpine tundra covers the ridges and grows above tree line, which varies from about 500 to 1,000 feet. This led to war and the enslavement of the Native Americans for many years to come. Fun Facts About Kodiak Kodiak has a rich and interesting history that most people don’t know unless they grew up here. QuickFacts Kodiak city, Alaska; Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska. Kodiak Island, "the emerald isle," is the largest island in Alaska, and is second only to Hawaii in the U.S. Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge encompasses nearly 1.9 million acres on Kodiak and Afognak Islands. Historic elements that it includes are the Kodiak Naval Operating Base, Fort Greely, and Fort Abercrombie. Gradually Americans settled there, also engaging in hunting and fishing. The archipelago is approximately 117 miles long and 67 miles wide. Grigory Shelekhov (Shelikof) established the first settlement in 1784 at Three Saints Bay, on the southeastern part of the island. Kodiak bears are an incredibly large subspecies of brown bear. The median listing price of land in Kodiak is $359,900. Unemployment in Kodiak is low and the median home sales price is $0. The vessel is en route to SANTOS P/S, sailing at a speed of 9.7 knots and expected to arrive there on Jan 12, 10:00.. Sitka black-tailed deer are native to Southeast Alaska and were introduced to Kodiak Island in the early 1920s. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge, Kodiak Island, Alaska. Buildings were destroyed as avalanches of ash rushed down from nearby hillsides. The largest island in the Kodiak Archipelago, Kodiak Island is the second largest island in the United States and the 80th largest island in the world, with an area of 9,311.24 km2 (3,595.09 sq mi), slightly larger than Cyprus. Most of Kodiak Island is categorized as uplands. Kodiak Island (Alutiiq: Qikertaq) is a large island on the south coast of the U.S. state of Alaska, separated from the Alaska mainland by the Shelikof Strait.The largest island in the Kodiak Archipelago, Kodiak Island is the second largest island in the United States and the 80th largest island in the world, with an area of 9,311.24 km 2 (3,595.09 sq mi), slightly larger than Cyprus. Since Kodiak Island is a place rich in food (there is no need to cover long distances in search of food), bears living there occupy the smallest territory among all populations of North American brown bears. Kodiak Island. Kodiak Island Quick Facts. Among Kodiak's 500 inhabitants, sore eyes and respiratory problems were widespread. 1. The fishing industry is the most important economic activity on the island; fisheries include Pacific salmon, Pacific halibut, and crab. The largest tenant unit on the base is Air Station Kodiak. and was settled by Russian fur trappers around 1792. The population was 6,130 as of the 2010 census. Van Daele, L.J. Professional Publications. Salmon in all stages of life were destroyed by the eruption and its aftereffects. Kodiak became a center for commercial fishing By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. From cities to rural towns, stay informed on where COVID-19 is spreading to understand how it could affect families, commerce, and travel. Libraries in Kodiak Island Visitor Centres in Kodiak Island. Bear Facts . Location. This page was last modified on 23 December 2020, at 02:10. Foundations: now two thirds of the island is covered by the Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge. Kodiak is a city located in the county of Kodiak Island Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1941, covers some two-thirds of the island and is the habitat of the Kodiak, or Alaskan, brown bear, the largest form of grizzly bear; some 3,000 Kodiak bears inhabit the island. If you need proof that this is not all pie-in-the-sky, just visit some of the system’s largest energy users: fish processors. Excellent fishing stocks (particularly crab, halibut, cod, and herring) attracted immigrants (especially Norwegians) in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Kodiak-Island, Kodiak Island - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Pacific Spaceport Complex – Alaska (PSCA), formerly known as the Kodiak Launch Complex (KLC), is a dual-use commercial and military spaceport for sub-orbital and orbital launch vehicles. Between 250 and 800 pounds or more, and is the city of Kodiak Island Aleutian.! 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