Religions are neither uniform nor monolithic, of course, nor are they unchanging over time. Geography is one of the factors widely associated by historians with the social, political, and cultural development of a particular region. Two common models are used for understanding cultural spread, which include cultural diffusion and cultural region models where concepts of core and periphery of cultural ideas reflects areas where less or more presence of a given culture is present. GEOGRAPHY Language and religion – Cultural diffusion is the spreading of cultural traits from one group or place to another. How could language or religion influence the diffusion of the other? How do geography and culture affect the formation of religion? On the other hand, geographical boundaries meant that some religious groups were limited to a particular region; the Karaite sect in medieval Judaism, for example, was centered in the Jewish community of Babylonia, and from there established branches in Egypt and Russia which for centuries remained the centers of that culture. In Egypt, however, religion was very positive. Religion, Geography and Culture • Religion in an integral part of any culture group. Many today would disagree with the old adage that “clothes make the man,” yet studies show that well-dressed employees are held in higher esteem and may earn more, on average, than those who dress down. Should she eat in her office, out of sight of the team and bank employees? The interaction of culture and geography is called human geography, which is the study of people's language, religion, medicine, economics and entertainment and how these practices have been influenced by their location. The richest person of his age, Rockefeller earned his fortune as the founder and major shareholder of Standard Oil but always regarded his billions as a public trust rather than his personal prize. In making his fortune, he pursued markedly Darwinian practices revealing a conviction in survival of the fittest. The Relationship Between Geography and Religion It can be clearly sensed by the influence of religion shaping our world, being understood by what inhabits it. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal ? Certain mistakes, particularly accidental ones and those not motivated by malicious design, will likely be forgiven. And, of course, miscommunications can occur not just across regional boundaries and business cultures but even within them. At one point in the film, De Niro’s character asks, “Doesn’t anybody tuck in their shirt?” Leaving your shirt untucked has become more acceptable in recent years, and the black t-shirt and jeans favored in Silicon Valley are now quite fashionable in some business environments. Cultural Diversity = Religious Diversity? Time and space are just two examples of cultural characteristics that you may take for granted but that are not universal. Religious structures - such as places of worship, and other sacred sites - dominate many landscapes. Despite criticism, even from family members, Rockefeller donated enormous sums to many causes, especially medical research (in the form of Rockefeller University) and higher education. The study also concluded that, although leaders learn to adapt to cultural expectations, they often have to exceed those expectations to be truly successful. Our culture determines the structure of our thinking, which influences our perceptio… Although the church officially opposed slavery, the conquest of new lands was justified theologically as bringing salvation and civilization to populations considered savage and unsophisticated. Religion is the most recent major component of culture to develop. Ancient Greece, for example, was not a nation but a collection of independent city-states which were naturally isolated from one another by the mountainous area in which they were found; while ancient Egypt was, for most of its history, a single unified kingdom whose entire welfare depended upon the Nile River that ran through it from north to south. Christianity was thought to save them from their pagan ways just as Islam and the message of the prophet saved unbelievers in the East. 2. Scholars are also aware that these definitions are not static. In Nigeria, for example, standing either too close or too far from someone to whom you are speaking might be seen as impolite. Human geographers and sociologists use different terms, like ecclesia, denomination, and sect, to define these types of organizations. The Church provided sanction and divine recognition for governments of the day in the form of "Divine Right".The Church was responsible for the ordination of kings and often arbitrated disputes over territory. Dialogue and openness are crucial to this process, just as they are in every other kind of relationship. In most cases, the religious beliefs are inherited, either directly from the people that raised you or from the society that already has, and let us use this word bravely now, an established dominant religion. Religion’s role in business is less certain today; we are perhaps more likely to see a universal, secular code of ethics develop than to see religion serve as common ground for different cultures to come together. Cultural Geography, Chapter 6 (Religion) study guide by Kayla_Oden includes 36 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. In Kenya, tutaonana baadaye means “see you later,” although “later” could be any time, open to context and interpretation. Places along the coast may have an oceangoing culture. How do you think clothing might affect an international company’s approach to business ethics? Religion and Beliefs . Climate 4. Are the two concepts inextricably linked? How Geography Affects Religion? For instance, when the Roman Catholic Church emerged, it borrowed many of its organizational principles from the ancient Roman military and turned senators into cardinals, for example. Employers have the right to establish a dress code and expect employees to abide by it. Also important in th… A Tuareg proverb has it that the first cup of tea is bitter like life, the second sweet like love, and the third gentle like death. by L. Ron Hubbard. Monasteries became the repositories of civilization, learning, and often wealth. Log in. The Concept of Ethical Business in Ancient Athens, Ethical Advice for Nobles and Civil Servants in Ancient China, Comparing the Virtue Ethics of East and West, Utilitarianism: The Greatest Good for the Greatest Number, Ethical Decision-Making and Prioritizing Stakeholders, Three Special Stakeholders: Society, the Environment, and Government, Corporate Law and Corporate Responsibility, Sustainability: Business and the Environment, The Impact of Culture and Time on Business Ethics, The Relationship between Business Ethics and Culture. • Religion regions overlap both ethnic and language regions. Localization is the process of adapting a product for use or sale in other nations and cultures. Because there are differences in the characteristics, history, and interaction with the environment and society, religions also have distinctive landscapes. The age of uncomfortable dresses and starched white shirts may be over, but cultural standards, along with underlying values that prioritize, say, innovation over uniformity, change over time and even within the same company. Iceland, island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean. The core of Christianity, for instance, does not change, but its emphasis in any given period does. Why or why not? The Effect of Geography and Culture on Religion: Geography is one of the factors widely associated by historians with the social, political, and cultural development of a particular region. Learn more about Ricci’s approach and the relationship between Western and Ming Chinese views of ethics on this webpage. In its study of leadership effectiveness and organizational behavior across cultures, the GLOBE leadership project of the Beedie School of Business at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada, found leader effectiveness is contextual and strongly connected to cultural and organizational values. Jillian has never fasted and believes the practice can be harmful over prolonged periods, especially in the heat of summer. . The Italian Jesuit priest Matteo Ricci (1552–1610) learned Mandarin, adopted Chinese dress, translated Confucian texts into Latin, and was welcomed into the Chinese emperor’s court as a scholar. The Enlightenment’s attempt to peel religion away from ethics was short-lived, with even Kant acknowledging the need to base morality on something beyond the rationalism of his time. 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