Renamed Riduna and sold to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in 1926. The ship was too top-heavy as originally built and had to be modified to improve her stability in the mid-1920s. Argus was sold in late 1946 and scrapped the following year. [14][22] She was classified as a Target Aeroplane Carrier and recommissioned on 11 August 1938 with Captain W. G. Benn in command. They had been planned in 1915 already, to meet a set of requirements laid down by First Sea Lord Admiral Fisher about his cherished Baltic Project. [7], Argus was re-commissioned at Portsmouth on 24 January, 1924. Argus had her genesis in the Admiralty's desire during the First World War for an aircraft carrier that could fly off wheeled aircraft and land them aboard. Argus was launched in 1917 and commissioned just prior to the end of the war on September 19 th 1918. 282–84, Shores, Cull and Malizia 1991, pp. Together with Eagle, Argus was tasked to provide air cover over Force H as it covered a convoy attempting to get desperately needed supplies through to Malta later in June (Operation Harpoon). In December, she became an accommodation ship and was listed for disposal in mid-1946. [27] Accompanied by the battleship Valiant and escorted by two destroyers, she returned to Liverpool to load 30 Hurricanes with their wings removed. HMS Argus was a Royal Navy Fleet Carrier 1918-1946. Battlecruiser HMS Repulse escorted by the destroyers HMS Matabele and HMS Electra arrived at Scapa Flow for refuelling around 1100/11. Vacher Service Record. She returned to the United Kingdom on 11 April and loaded six replacement Swordfish as well as six Swordfish of 812 Squadron for self-defence. F In June, she participated in Operation Harpoon, providing air cover for the Malta-bound convoy. Class Overview . Steam was supplied by 12 cylindrical Scotch boilers. A torpedo shop could store another twenty-eight weapons, which were presumably the 18-in Mark IX torpedo. The initial design had two islands with the flight deck running between them. After commissioning, the ship was involved for several years in the development of the optimum design for other aircraft carriers. Argus was small (15,775 tons) She was only capable of … Argus was launched in 1917 and commissioned just prior to the end of the war on September 19 th 1918. the fleet air arm on board the british carrier hms argus. Bovell Service Record. The National Archives. [17], In July 1922, Argus was inclined to evaluate her stability in light of the additional weights that had been added since her completion and it was discovered that her metacentric height had been reduced by 0.83 feet (0.3 m). Argus delivered 821X Squadron to Gibraltar and was back in the United Kingdom by 14 January 1941. In November, the ship provided air cover during Operation Torch, the invasion of French North Africa and was slightly damaged by a bomb. [9] She could accommodate between 15 and 18 aircraft. Argus also evaluated various types of arresting gear, general procedures needed to operate a number of aircraft in concert and fleet tactics. In February 1936, it was decided to refit the ship as a tender for Queen Bee target drones. The revised system was successfully tested aboard the carrier Eagle later in the year and Argus' arresting gear was modified accordingly in time for the 1921 Spring Cruise, during which the ship carried ten Parnall Panther spotter and reconnaissance aircraft and three Fairey IIIC reconnaissance aircraft. The time required to launch two aircraft and land one aboard was forty minutes during this cruise, primarily because the rotary engines of the time were very difficult to start. Launched on 2nd December 1917 as the 11th RN warship to carry the name which was first used for a captured French privateer in 1792 and last borne by a Coastguard Vessel built in 1904. [44], British naval ship classes of the First World War, British naval ship classes of the Second World War, Shores, Cull and Malizia 1991, pp. ... (1917) and separate landing decks in 1918 together with Vindictive (a month behind Argus) Only after that do we get to HMS Argus with a flat deck in Sept 1918. [15] The same month, the ship was used in trials to evaluate the effects which an island superstructure would have on flying operations, with a canvas-and-wood dummy island being installed with a smoke box to simulate funnel gases. HMS Courageous She was first designed as a successor of the Repulse class, part of a pair of the Courageous-class battlecruiser, which were specifically designed as “light” compared to the previous Repulse. The National Archives. [12], She was taken into Dockyard Control on 6 July 1936 at Devonport. Petrol storage consisted of 8,000 imperial gallons (36,000 l; 9,600 US gal) in 2-imperial-gallon (9.1 l; 2.4 US gal) tins stowed below the waterline. As well as operating her own aircraft, Argus was used to fly off Bristol Fighters that had been ferried to the Dardanelles aboard the seaplane carrier Ark Royal to an airfield at Kilia on the European side of the straits. 15, 16, and 17 august 1943, on board hms argus off lamlash. [11] The ship was commissioned on 16 September 1918. Eventually, the ship loaded some damaged aircraft and accompanied Eagle back to the United Kingdom on 20 October. After a brief refit, Argus sailed on 14 April for Gibraltar to transfer the replacements to Ark Royal. She rendezvoused with Force H four days later and launched the aircraft on the morning of 17 November. Most read. It was ordered to return to the UK aboard Argus. The Bristol Fighters were transferred to Argus by crane). October — First aircraft carrying ship to be sunk in action, (former cruiser) seaplane carrier HMS Hermessunk by U-27. Renamed Riduna and sold to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in 1926. Argus was laid down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, as the Conte Rosso. The ship was attacked multiple times by bombs and torpedoes during the battle without effect. She arrived on 24 April and began a two-week refit after the aircraft were transferred. She was laid down in 1914, but construction was suspended, and restarted later. [34], Force H was recalled to the United Kingdom in January and Argus loaded 12 Swordfish of 812 Squadron for her own protection. The after lift was therefore lowered 9 inches (229 mm), which allowed aircraft to use the area when the lift was raised flush with the rest of the flight deck. The ship was back in the United Kingdom, loading another batch of Hurricanes bound for Gibraltar. T The ship was commissioned on 16 September 1918. [6], Argus was laid down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, as the Conte Rosso. The ship was under repair for a month after she reached the United Kingdom, but she required a more thorough refit that lasted from February to May 1943. She was built with a flush unobstructed flight deck after the Royal Navy’s unsuccessful divided flight deck experiment used on the HMS Furious following her conversion from a Light Battle Cruiser to a carrier. celebrating her silver jubilee, 25 years continuous service, the argus is now being used to a18863.jpg 598 × 800; 42 kb Ark Royal was torpedoed and sunk during the return to Gibraltar, which forced Argus to remain there to provide cover for Force H as the sole carrier available. In 1912, the ship builder William Beardmore had proposed to the Admiralty an aircraft carrier design with a continuous, full-length flight deck, but it was not accepted. [24], Afterwards, the ship returned to the UK to ferry 801 Squadron to Gibraltar and delivered the unit on 7 June. History of the HMS Argus: The HMS Argus was launched on December 2, 1917. The National Archives. She was 332 feet 4 inches (101.3 m) long, 43 feet (13.1 m) wide, with 15 feet 9 inches (4.8 m) draught at deep load. Sh… Each of the ship's four sets of Parsons geared steam turbines drove one propeller shaft. As the limitations of existing carriers became more apparent, this design was dusted off and the Admiralty located two large, fast hulls suitable for conversion into an aircraft carrier. 151 Wing RAF to Murmansk, Russia. [7] Argus was the only British carrier serving in the Second World War capable of striking down (stowing away) aircraft with non-folding wings because of her wide lifts and tall hangar ceiling. Sent for break-up at … She was ordered to be paid off on 27 January 1944, but this order was apparently revoked as she continued training until 27 September 1944 when the last take-off was made from her deck, a Fairey Swordfish. 451–52, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, Ships That Mother Seaplanes: craft of the "hush-hush" fleet may play a part in first trans-Atlantic flight, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Argus_(I49)&oldid=963040933, World War I aircraft carriers of the United Kingdom, World War II aircraft carriers of the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 June 2020, at 13:05. On her return to the United Kingdom she began a refit. It was built by William Beardmore. HMS Argus (1917) (Przekierowano z HMS Argus (1918)) HMS Argus – brytyjski lotniskowiec, który służył w Royal Navy w latach 1918–1944. The wires of the arresting gear had been lifted off the deck so they could engage the hooks on the undercarriages of the aircraft, but this prevented the use of the flight deck for any other purpose. The HMS Argus was the first ship to be an aircraft carrier, but she was a converted ocean liner. Whilst in the United Kingdom, she loaded some Supermarine Spitfire fighters and returned to Gibraltar on 24 February. [23], After recommissioning, Argus served as a training carrier to allow pilots to practice their deck-landing skills. Archer Service Record. Operational experience confirmed that the aircraft should attempt to land directly onto the arresting gear lest they be blown over the side of the carrier, as happened three times during the cruise. Medal Of Honor: He Put Up Such A Fight In Captivity, The Viet Cong Executed Him Out Of Frustration; He’s Called The Ghost, Has The Same Medal Count As Audie Murphy, And Is Virtually Unknown She was the world s first example of what is now the standard pattern of aircraft carrier, with a flush deck enabling wheeled aircraft to take off and land. [10], Argus was reduced to Reserve at Portsmouth on 7 May, 1930. Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them. As usual, Argus provided the air cover with a dozen Fulmars from 807 Squadron and Eagle ferried the Albacores and 17 Spitfires to their take-off point for Malta on 19 May. Stirling Service Record. The Director of Naval Construction proposed to fit her with a girdle at her waterline to increase her beam and thus her stability. In addition, the ship's after lift was permanently locked in the raised position and 150 long tons (150 t) of ballast were added to compensate for the additional weight of the equipment high in the ship. [4], Argus had an overall length of 565 feet (172.2 m), a beam of 68 feet (20.7 m), and a draught of 23 feet 3 inches (7.1 m) at deep load. She and the escort carrier Avenger joined a convoy returning to the United Kingdom on the evening of 14/15 November that was spotted by the Germans. HMS Argus (1904) was a coastguard vessel launched in 1904, renamed HMS Argon in 1918 and sold in 1920. [24][25] Together with the battlecruiser Hood and six destroyers, Argus escorted Convoy US-3, loaded with Australian and New Zealand troops, to the United Kingdom in mid-June. [31], In late August to early September, Argus transported 24 Hurricanes of No. Boucher Service Record. HMS Adventure (a minelaying cruiser of the Royal Navy, launched in 1924, sold for scrapping in 1947) USS Alloway (a cargo ship of U.S. Navy, 1918-1919) HMS Argus (an aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy between 1918 and 1944. She was carrying out this duty in the Gulf of Lion when the Second World War began. Page 3 . [38], As part of the preparations for another resupply convoy for Malta (Operation Pedestal), Argus returned to the United Kingdom in late June to load reserve aircraft, including six Sea Hurricanes of 804 Squadron, for the other aircraft carriers involved in the operation and left the Clyde on 2 August for Gibraltar. [10], On September 1922, Argus, equipped with Gloster Nightjar fighters, was deployed to the Dardanelles as a response to the Chanak crisis. Powered palisades were also needed on the side of the flight deck to help retain aircraft aboard that had not engaged a wire. One source indicates HMS ARGUS was also involved but is not confirmed.) In mid-December, the ship embarked six Fairey Swordfish torpedo bombers of 821X Squadron for delivery to Gibraltar and another pair of Swordfish from 825 Squadron for self-defence. Related Material. She was purchased for conversion in August, 1916. The National Archives. The ship also delivered aircraft to Murmansk in Russia, Takoradi on the Gold Coast, and Reykjavík in Iceland. She was renamed after her purchase in September 1916 and was launched on December 2nd, 1917, her building having been slowed by labour shortages. http://dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php?title=H.M.S._Argus_(1917)&oldid=291736. She was converted from an ocean liner that was under construction when the First World War began and became the first example of the standard pattern of aircraft carrier, with a full-length flight deck that allowed wheeled aircraft to take off and land. (Note: HMS ARK ROYAL made a delivery of HURRICANE and FULMAR aircraft on 3rd. Argus loaded a dozen Hawker Hurricane and two Blackburn Skua fighters of 418 Flight RAF in late July for delivery to Malta as part of Operation Hurry. 319–20, 325, 327, 329–30, 333, 336, Shores, Cull and Malizia 1991, pp. Argus was laid down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, as the Conte Rosso. Dates of appointment are provided when known. Argus joined the Atlantic Fleet in January 1920 for its Spring Cruise carrying eight Ship Strutters, four Sopwith Camel fighters, two Airco DH.9A bombers and two Fairey floatplanes. As the limitations of existing carriers became more apparent, this design was dusted off and the Admiralty located two lar… During Operation Picket I, nine more Spitfires were flown off by Eagle on 21 March whilst a dozen Sea Hurricane IIBs from 804 Squadron provided air cover from Argus. Royal Navy, ARGUS (HMS), aircraft carrier Royal Navy, BLANKNEY (HMS), escort destroyer Royal Navy, CAIRO (HMS), light cruiser Royal Navy, CANADA (HMS), battleship Royal Navy, EAGLE (HMS), aircraft carrier (1946) Royal Navy, Liverpool Royal Navy, Malaya Royal Navy, Queen Elizabeth Arwyne (Commander) Bell-Davies, R George V, King German Imperial Navy, Koenigsberg German Imperial … Despite an expedited program to refit her for action, she was only launched on December 2nd, 1917 and, after completing her period of requisite sea trials, was not commissioned until September 16th, 1918. [39][40], In November 1942, Argus was assigned to the Eastern Naval Task Force that invaded Algiers, Algeria, during the Allied landings in French North Africa with 18 Supermarine Seafire IICs of 880 Squadron aboard. Argus loaded more Hurricanes for Gibraltar and also embarked a pair of Swordfish from 818 Squadron and two Sea Hurricanes from 804X Squadron for self-defence. She was purchased for conversion in August, 1916. The ship's crew totalled 495 officers and men. HMS Argus was a British aircraft carrier that served in the Royal Navy from 1918 to 1944. HMS Argus was a British aircraft carrier that served in the Royal Navy from 1918 to 1944. For the latest updates about this unit visit the Royal Navy forum. Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them as they lacked flight decks. Her refit was completed on 30 July 1938 and she underwent sea trials the following month. [21] The ship was intended to have one hydro-pneumatic aircraft catapult, but this was instead diverted to Ark Royal. One of the Fulmars was shot down by Vichy French Dewoitine D.520 fighters as it attempted to protect the crew of a Consolidated PBY Catalina flying boat that had been shot down earlier. HMS Argus, HMS Vidette, HMS Wishart and HMS Wrestler arrived at Gibraltar very late on the 14th. The latter ship also carried six Albacores bound for Malta as well, but the weather deteriorated over Malta and their fly-off was cancelled. HMS Argus (1904) was a coastguard vessel launched in 1904, renamed HMS Argon in 1918 and sold in 1920. [2], In November 1916, the ship's design was tested in a wind tunnel by the National Physical Laboratory to evaluate the turbulence caused by the twin islands and the bridge over them. Two large cranes were positioned on the quarterdeck, beneath the rear of the flight deck. The first landings on the ship were made on 24 September 1918 by two Sopwith Ship Strutter aeroplanes from the Grand Fleet's airbase at Turnhouse. In 1920 the ship was modified to make it more stable. The opportunity was taken to widen her flight deck by 10 feet (3 m) and replace her old boilers with destroyer-type boilers which could generate more steam than her turbines could handle. [19], The ship's hull was surveyed in 1927 and anticipated to be sound for another 15 years,[10] and she relieved Hermes on the China Station from 1 September to 20 March 1928. Benn Service Record. Arrived at Gibraltar and transferred 12 HURRICANE aircraft to HMS ARK ROYAL for delivery to Malta (Operation WINCH). U-155 torpedoed Avenger, right behind Argus in the convoy, later that morning. Message Board. Argus had the nickname… Two days later, the two carriers, in Operation Perpetual, sailed to the west of Sicily and flew off their 37 Hurricanes; three of the fighters were lost en route. She was renamed after her purchase in September 1916 and was launched on 2 December 1917, her building having been slowed by labour shortages. Trials began in April and the lift was widened in October. Sold for Scrap 1947. In April 1918, Argus was ordered to be modified to a flush-decked configuration after the sea trials of the carrier Furious had revealed severe turbulence problems caused by her superstructure. She displaced 14,450 long tons (14,680 t) at standard load and 15,575 long tons (15,825 t) at deep load. Even the addition of 600 long tons (610 t) of ballast still left the ship with a very low metacentric height of only 1.6 feet (0.49 m) lightly loaded and 3.8 feet (1.2 m) at deep load. [11], She was reduced to Maintenance Reserve at Rosyth on 15 December, 1932. 2 August 1917, Sqn Cdr E. H. Dunningmakes the first aircraft landing on a moving ship, HMS Furious 1914 28 June — Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand; World War Ibegins. (scrapped 1947) Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them as they lacked flight decks. Argus was recommissioned and partially modernised shortly before the Second World War and served as a training ship for deck-landing practice until June 1940. The ship carried 2,500 long tons (2,500 t) of fuel oil, which gave her a range of 3,600 nautical miles (6,700 km; 4,100 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). The National Archives. This page was last modified on 11 September 2019, at 08:18. [6], Argus was designed by Lt.-Col. Holmes of the R.A.F.. Escorted by Ark Royal, three battleships, two cruisers and 10 destroyers, the ship flew them off without incident on 2 August 1940 from a point west of Sicily, although two of the Hurricanes crashed on landing. Argus had her genesis in the Admiralty's desire during the First World War for an aircraft carrier that could fly off wheeled aircraft and land them aboard. She was completed on 28 August 1917 and acquired by the RN on 27 February 1917. Builder's Data. 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